Plastics Europe Public LCI Database
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Data set: Expandable polystyrene (EPS), white and grey (09.00.000)

Full name
Expandable polystyrene (EPS), white and grey; suspension polymerisation, extrusion or mass pelletisation; production mix, at producer
Location
EU-27
Reference year
2010
Valid until
2022
Reference flow(s)
Type
LCI result
Parameterized?
no
LCIA results included?
no
Category
Processes / Production / Material production / Plastic production
Synonyms
Use advice for data set
The data set can be used for all LCA/CF studies where the product is needed. Combination with individual unit processes using this commodity enables the generation of user-specific (product) LCAs. EPS beads are foamed in order to manufacture lightweight industrial and food packaging, insulation boards for construction, safety and sporting equipment, flotation devices, seed trays, geofoam etc. The building and construction sector is the main market and accounts for around 70% of the European EPS market. Polystyrene, without the flame retardant HBCD, can be reused directly as new packaging, or ground for reuse as soil conditioner or in light concrete blocks; it can also be recycled in new PS-based products; furthermore, energy recovery by incineration is also possible for all types of EPS.
Data set use approval
No official approval by producer or operator
General comment
The main data source was a data collection from European producers of white and grey EPS. Primary data on gate-to-gate EPS production is derived from site-specific information for processes under operational control supplied by the participating companies of this eco-profile: ten white EPS beads producers with thirteen plants in nine different European countries; four grey EPS producers with four plants in four European countries. This covers more than 80 % of the European white and grey EPS beads production (EU-27) in 2013.
LCI Method Principle
Attributional
LCI Method Approaches
  • Allocation - exergetic content
  • Allocation - market value
  • Not applicable
  • Allocation - net calorific value
  • Allocation - mass
Completeness of product model
All relevant flows quantified
Reviews
  • Independent external review by
    Data quality indicators
    • Overall quality: Not evaluated / unknown
    • Methodological appropriateness and consistency: Very good
    • Precision: Very good
    • Completeness: Good
    • Geographical representativeness: Good
    • Time representativeness: Very good
    • Technological representativeness: Good
  • Independent internal review by
    Data quality indicators
    • Overall quality: Good
    • Methodological appropriateness and consistency: Good
    • Precision: Good
    • Completeness: Good
    • Geographical representativeness: Good
    • Time representativeness: Very good
    • Technological representativeness: Good
License and access conditions
Copyright
yes
License type
Other
Access information
GaBi (source code, database including extension modules and single data sets, documentation) remains property of PE INTERNATIONAL AG. PE INTERNATIONAL AG delivers GaBi licenses comprising data storage medium and manual as ordered by the customer. The license guarantees the right of use for one installation of GaBi. Further installations using the same license are not permitted. Additional licenses are only valid if the licensee holds at least one main license. Licenses are not transferable and must only be used within the licensee's organisation. Data sets may be copied for internal use. The number of copies is restricted to the number of licenses of the software system GaBi the licensee owns. The right of use is exclusively valid for the licensee. All rights reserved.
Owner of data set
Plastics Europe
Technical purpose
EPS beads are foamed in order to manufacture lightweight industrial and food packaging, insulation boards for construction, safety and sporting equipment, flotation devices, seed trays, geofoam etc. The building and construction sector is the main market and accounts for around 70% of the European EPS market. Polystyrene, without the flame retardant HBCD, can be reused directly as new packaging, or ground for reuse as soil conditioner or in light concrete blocks; it can also be recycled in new PS-based products; furthermore, energy recovery by incineration is also possible for all types of EPS.
Input Products
No records found.
Co-Products
No records found.
Data set version
09.00.000
Time stamp (last saved)
2015-03-01T00:00:00+01:00
Data set format
ILCD format 1.1
Compliance systems
  • ILCD Data Network - Entry-level (Overall compliance: Not defined)
  • GaBi conformity system (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • UNEP SETAC Life Cycle Initiative (Overall compliance: Not defined)
Registered in
Registry nameBase URLStatus
LCDN Registryhttp://lcdn.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ILCDRegistry/Accepted
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