Plastics Europe Public LCI Database
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Data set: General purpose polystyrene (GPPS) (06.10.000)

Full name
General purpose polystyrene (GPPS); continuous-mass copolymerization of styrene; production mix, at producer
Location
EU-27
Reference year
2010
Valid until
2022
Reference flow(s)
Type
LCI result
Parameterized?
no
LCIA results included?
no
Category
Industry data / PlasticsEurope
Synonyms
Use advice for data set
The data set can be used for all LCA/CF studies where the product is needed. Combination with individual unit processes using this commodity enables the generation of user-specific (product) LCAs. GPPS and HIPS are used in many applications such as food and non-food packaging, disposable cups and cutlery, furniture, toys and consumer goods, as well as electronics and appliances. Polystyrene is also easily foamed in order to manufacture insulation boards and lightweight foamed packaging. The packaging market is the main market and accounts for around one half of the European polystyrene market. Extrusion can be in form of plates, sheet, or foam boards. In a secondary process step extruded sheet can be thermoformed, for example into disposables such as trays and containers. Typical injection moulding applications are televisions housing and toys. HIPS is also used to make engineering resin blends with polyphenylene oxide for the automotive industry, electrical appliances, and electronics. Polystyrene can be recycled mechanically several times without deteriorating physical properties; furthermore, energy recovery is also possible.
Data set use approval
No official approval by producer or operator
General comment
The main data source was a data collection from European producers of HIPS. Primary data on gate-to-gate GPPS production is derived from site-specific information for processes under operational control supplied by the participating companies of this eco-profile. In the case of GPPS six different producers with thirteen plants in nine European countries participated in the primary data collection. About 95% of the EuropeanGPPS production capacity (EU-27) in 2010 is covered.
LCI Method Principle
Attributional
LCI Method Approaches
  • Allocation - market value
  • Allocation - net calorific value
  • Allocation - exergetic content
  • Not applicable
Completeness of product model
All relevant flows quantified
Reviews
  • Independent internal review by
    No records found.
    Data quality indicators
    • Overall quality: Very good
    • Methodological appropriateness and consistency: Very good
    • Precision: Not applicable
    • Completeness: Very good
    • Geographical representativeness: Very good
    • Time representativeness: Very good
    • Technological representativeness: Very good
  • Independent external review by
    Data quality indicators
    • Methodological appropriateness and consistency: Very good
    • Completeness: Very good
    • Geographical representativeness: Very good
    • Time representativeness: Very good
    • Technological representativeness: Very good
  • Independent external review by
    Data quality indicators
    • Overall quality: Very good
    • Methodological appropriateness and consistency: Very good
    • Precision: Not applicable
    • Completeness: Very good
    • Geographical representativeness: Very good
    • Time representativeness: Very good
    • Technological representativeness: Very good
License and access conditions
Copyright
yes
License type
Other
Access information
GaBi (source code, database including extension modules and single data sets, documentation) remains property of PE INTERNATIONAL AG. PE INTERNATIONAL AG delivers GaBi licenses comprising data storage medium and manual as ordered by the customer. The license guarantees the right of use for one installation of GaBi. Further installations using the same license are not permitted. Additional licenses are only valid if the licensee holds at least one main license. Licenses are not transferable and must only be used within the licensee's organisation. Data sets may be copied for internal use. The number of copies is restricted to the number of licenses of the software system GaBi the licensee owns. The right of use is exclusively valid for the licensee. All rights reserved.
Owner of data set
Plastics Europe
Technical purpose
GPPS and HIPS are used in many applications such as food and non-food packaging, disposable cups and cutlery, furniture, toys and consumer goods, as well as electronics and appliances. Polystyrene is also easily foamed in order to manufacture insulation boards and lightweight foamed packaging. The packaging market is the main market and accounts for around one half of the European polystyrene market. Extrusion can be in form of plates, sheet, or foam boards. In a secondary process step extruded sheet can be thermoformed, for example into disposables such as trays and containers. Typical injection moulding applications are televisions housing and toys. Polystyrene can be recycled mechanically several times without deteriorating physical properties; furthermore, energy recovery is also possible.
Input Products
Co-Products
No records found.
Data set version
06.10.000
Time stamp (last saved)
2013-09-19T14:36:55.605+02:00
Data set format
ILCD format 1.1
Compliance systems
  • GaBi conformity system (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
  • UNEP SETAC Life Cycle Initiative (Overall compliance: Not defined)
  • ILCD Data Network - Entry-level (Overall compliance: Fully compliant)
Registered in
Registry nameBase URLStatus
LCDN Registryhttp://lcdn.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ILCDRegistry/Accepted
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